401(k) Planning

When you leave a job or retire, you have a decision to make regarding your 401(k) money. While leaving those assets in the former employer’s plan is an option, a rollover should also be a consideration. We can help you determine the right course of action for you.

Below are 10 reasons to consider rolling over assets from a fomer employer's retirement plan to an IRA.


#1 Employer-sponsored retirement plan distribution processing
can be more complex.

Participants in an employer-sponsored retirement plan are subject to IRS regulations, as well as to the rules of their former employer’s plan documents, which can be more restrictive than those of an IRA. For example, a plan may not allow partial distributions, or if it does, it may limit them to once a quarter or once a year.

It also may be more time-consuming to withdraw money, since a plan may require additional paperwork and signatures from the plan participant, his or her spouse, and possibly the plan administrator.

By contrast, IRAs, in most cases, allow distributions at any time, for any dollar amount, and without any additional authorization. However, it is important to remember that, in addition to income taxes, withdrawals prior to age 59½ may be subject to a 10% IRS penalty tax.

#2 Employer-sponsored retirement plans may offer limited distribution options.

An individual who has money in a former employer’s retirement plan should check the plan documents to see what distribution options are available. Some employer-sponsored retirement plans offer only one lump-sum distribution from the account. If any assets are distributed, the entire balance must be distributed. This restriction prevents plan participants, and ultimately their beneficiaries, from taking advantage of the convenience and possible tax benefits of partial distribution, systematic payments, or annuitization. IRAs, on the other hand, can provide greater flexibility by allowing these additional distribution options.

#3 Employer-sponsored retirement plans may limit the power of
tax deferral for spousal beneficiaries and subsequent beneficiaries.

It may be advantageous for a spousal beneficiary to roll over the assets inherited from an employer sponsored retirement plan to an IRA. For example, if the beneficiary is the wife of the employee and the plan allows life expectancy payments, she will have to begin required minimum distributions (RMDs) calculated using the Single Life Expectancy Table.

By contrast, if she had rolled the inherited account into her own IRA, she could have waited until reaching age 70½ before beginning RMDs. The payments would then be calculated from the Uniform Lifetime Table, resulting in lower RMDs than distributions calculated from the Single Life Expectancy Table. Lower RMDs would allow the money the opportunity to continue growing tax deferred longer. Her beneficiaries may also be affected by her choice to leave the money in the plan. If she does not deplete the entire account, her beneficiaries must continue RMDs from the employer-sponsored retirement plan based on her life expectancy. However, if she had rolled the account into her own IRA, her beneficiaries may have been able to take payments over their own life expectancy, possibly stretching them longer than payments from an employer-sponsored retirement plan.

#4 Employer-sponsored retirement plans require a mandatory tax withholding on most distributions.

All rollover-eligible money withdrawn from an employer-sponsored retirement plan must have 20% withheld toward federal income taxes. In addition, 14 states impose mandatory state withholding taxes ranging from 2% to 8%. However, an IRA owner can elect to have no income taxes withheld and continue to invest that amount, allowing it the opportunity to grow tax deferred. Ultimately, all taxes must be paid, but the money to pay them does not need to come from the IRA.

#5 Certain premature-distribution penalty exceptions are not available for employer-sponsored retirement plan withdrawals.

Individuals under the age of 59½ are required to pay, in addition to income taxes, a 10% penalty tax on withdrawals from employer-sponsored retirement plans and IRAs, unless they qualify for an exception. Three exceptions for IRA distributions — a qualified first-time home purchase (lifetime limit of $10,000), certain higher education expenses, and health insurance premiums while unemployed — are not available for employer-sponsored retirement plan distributions. For additional details, contact your professional tax advisor

#6 Having assets in multiple locations can make record keeping complicated.

While recent tax law changes allow for greater portability of retirement accounts, many employersponsored retirement plans still have not adopted these rules, and many therefore do not allow money from certain types of retirement accounts to be rolled in. In addition, individuals generally cannot roll money into a former employer’s retirement plan. However, most IRAs generally accept the rollovers permitted by these recent changes. Qualified retirement plans, including some 403(b) plans and governmental 457(b) plans, can be rolled into an IRA. By consolidating these accounts, investors can reduce the number of statements they receive, eliminate redundant fees, and get a comprehensive picture of their retirement asset allocations. Combining accounts can also help simplify retirement distribution strategies.

#7 Employer-sponsored retirement plans may offer only a limited selection of investments.

By leaving money in a former employer’s retirement plan, individuals are restricted to the investments provided by the plan, and the offerings may be limited. Rolling over to an IRA can expand the number of investment options and the ability to diversify.

#8 Most employer-sponsored retirement plans cannot be
aggregated for RMD calculations. 1

After reaching age 70½, individuals will have to begin RMDs. If someone has an IRA and two 401(k) accounts, for example, separate calculations must be done, and separate withdrawals must be taken from each account. The task is simpler for those who own only IRAs. All the balances can be aggregated (added together for calculation purposes), and the total required amount can be withdrawn from any one or more of the IRAs. This means less paperwork and simplified tracking. It also allows the investor to decide which investments to liquidate, and from which accounts.

1403(b) plans can be aggregated with other 403(b) plans for RMDs

#9 Many employer-sponsored retirement plans do not offer the services of a financial professional.

The importance of working with a financial professional should not be underestimated. He or she can assist an IRA owner with asset allocation, distribution planning, and retirement income strategies. Many employer-sponsored retirement plans do not offer this beneficial service.

#10 Employer-sponsored retirement plans may have blackout periods.

Employer-sponsored retirement plans may go into a blackout period when changing record keepers. During the blackout period, plan participants cannot take distributions or make investment trades to react to changes in market conditions. The transfer to a new record keeper requires a due diligence process to account for all the assets. This could take weeks or months depending on the complexity of the plan and on how well the previous records were kept.


Important Information

Pension, 401(k), and profit-sharing and money-purchase plans are protected from creditors and civil suits under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA). IRAs are protected from creditors in case of bankruptcy (Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005). Protection from civil suits is dependent on individual state statutes.

By rolling company stock into an IRA, the ability to exercise the Net Unrealized Appreciation (NUA) strategy may be lost. The ability to use other tax-efficient strategies, such as 10-year forward averaging, may also be lost. Clients should discuss the tax ramifications of rolling over an employer-sponsored retirement plan to an IRA with their tax professional.

New York Life Insurance Company, its affiliates, and their representatives do not provide tax, legal, or accounting advice. Individuals should consult with their professional advisors for information regarding their personal situation.

Before rolling over the proceeds of your retirement plan to an Individual Retirement Account (IRA) or annuity, consider whether you would benefit from other possible options such as leaving the funds in your current plan or transferring them into a new employer's plan. Consult with each employer's Human Resources Department to learn about important plan features and rules. Be sure to compare the fees and expenses of each plan and investment option to those of any other investments that you are considering. Review plan documents and the IRA agreement, as well as the prospectuses for plan investment options and any other investments that you are considering. Your registered representative can help explain any new product being offered. Neither New York Life nor its representatives or affiliates provide tax or legal advice. Consult with a tax or legal advisor to discuss any questions or concerns that you have, such as the tax consequences of withdrawing funds or removing shares of an employer's stock from a retirement plan and whether money invested in a retirement plan receives greater protection from creditors and legal judgments in your state than money invested in an IRA or annuity. Also consider that you may be able to take taxable, but penalty-free withdrawals from an employer-sponsored retirement plan between the ages of 55 and 59.5 that you would not be able to take if you invest in an IRA or annuity. Additionally, if you plan to work after you reach age 70.5, you may not be required to take minimum distributions from your current employer's retirement plan but would be required to do so for funds invested in an IRA or annuity.

Beginning 1/1/15, you can make only one indirect (i.e., 60 day) IRA rollover in any 12-month period, regardless of the number or types oflRAs you own (see IRS Announcement 2014-32); however, you may continue to make an unlimited number of direct and trustee-to-trustee transfers (transfers directly between IRAs) as well as unlimited rollovers from traditional IRAs to Roth IRAs ("conversions"). Please consult your tax advisor prior to effecting a rollover.


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